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Italy , officially the Italian Republic is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Italy is located in south-central Europe, and it is also considered a part of western Europe. The country covers a total area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.

Capital : ROME
Language : ITALIAN
Currency : ITALIAN EURO (1 EURO = RS 78.64 ) * approx.
Country code : +39
Country Status : REPUBLIC

Climate

Italy has a variety of climate systems. The inland northern areas of Italy (for example Turin, Milan, and Bologna) have a relatively cool, mid-latitude version of the Humid subtropical climate , while the coastal areas of Liguria and the peninsula south of Florence generally fit the Mediterranean climate profile.

Between the north and south there can be a considerable difference in temperature, above all during the winter: in some winter days it can be −2°C (28°F) and snowing in Milan, while it is 8°C (46.4°F) in Rome and 20°C (68°F) in Palermo. Temperature differences are less extreme in the summer.

Culture

Italy is a peninsula in southern Europe. It has approximately 61 million inhabitants, 96% of whom are Italians. The remaining 4% of residents include North Africans, Italo-Albanians, Albanians, Germans, Austrians and other European groups.

The Italian culture is commonly associated with art, music and food. It is the homeland of the Roman Empire, the Roman Catholic Church and the main center of the Renaissance, which flourished through Europe for centuries.